There are many different methods for laying ceramic tiles. It is very important to determine the correct method for a given project. The method you use will largely depend upon the type of tile and its purpose. This means that some methods may be better than others depending upon the type of material used and the intended application. Here are some guidelines to help you decide on the best method for your tile project.
First, measure out a single tile from the wall (or edge of your surface where laying tiles will be installed) to set a starting point and a straight, squared line for tiling over. Mark the exact area where you will start tiling before proceeding with the next steps. Once you have your guide ready, it is time to do a dry lay of the tiles to ensure that you have the right design and the proper amount of tiles needed for your installation. Once the tile has been laid, allow it to dry for several hours or overnight.
Adhesive backing is the most traditional method for tiling a floor. When using a glue backing, the backing is attached to the tile using a liquid adhesive. If the tile is a bit more complicated, the adhesive may also be applied directly to the tile and secured at the tile. Either way, you must be careful to remove the backing once you are finished. Make sure to remove any excess adhesive before working on the wall. Make certain that the wall has an even texture before tiling the rest of the room. Be sure to place the first tile in a place that is not likely to get knocked or damaged.
In order to avoid damaging the walls, it is highly recommended that you first paint the walls to create a contrast between the tile and the existing walls. After painting, trowel away the excess paint and allow the tiles to dry. Now it is time to attach the backing.
Tiles can be affixed using either cement or plaster. The former is easier to apply. It can also be applied in larger quantities since plaster is more durable. While the latter is much more difficult to apply and requires more work. If a mixture of both is used, be sure to check with the manufacturer to make sure that the tiles are compatible.
Once the tiles have been affixed, allow them to dry and then start troweling to create a smooth, flat, unbroken surface. When troweling, use a trowel’s width to create a smooth, even finish. Make sure to let the tiles sit for two to three days to allow for drying. Once the trowels have dried, you are now ready to begin adding the tile trim to the tiles. You can choose to use one edge as a guide and allow it to overlap one tile or use a stencil to create a more professional look.